What is Hallmark in gold jewellery & how to check it?

Gold ornaments have always attracted people for centuries because of their aesthetic values as well as they have very high market value and cultural importance in the world. Whether you are purchasing a wedding ring to mark the beginning of two souls, a necklace to be worn for a formal occasion, or an investment piece, it is important to note that gold’s purity and authenticity are of great significance. Well, this is a good point to apply hallmarks. Hallmarks are official marks often in the form of a stamp that is present on gold jewellery and can reveal the fineness, the place of origin, and other details about the metal. 

So, today with GIVA, we will be learning more about what the hallmark on gold jewellery is, why it is important, and how to identify it when purchasing gold jewellery.

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What is a Hallmark? 

A hallmark is an official distinctive series or a single mark struck on precious metals, metals, and their alloys for control. These marks offer necessary information about the quality of the metal and indications of the manufacturer or the date of the manufacturing. These act in the interests of both buyer and seller because the customer gets protection from purchasing an inferior product while the manufacturer is safeguarded from the counterfeiting of his product by unscrupulous competitors.

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Components of a Hallmark

Hallmarks typically consist of several elements:

Purity Mark (Fineness or Assay Mark)

14 K Gold Heart Ring

 14 K Gold Heart Ring 

This signifies the fineness of the gold, a specification that tends to represent the proportion of gold in parts per thousand. For instance, if the number ‘750’ is mentioned, then it means that the gold is 75% pure which is equal to 18 karats. Common marks include:

  • 999 or 24K: It means literal gold, and is not alloyed.
  • 916 or 22K: 91. 6% pure gold
  • 750 or 18K: 75 % gold.
  • 585 or 14K: 58. 5% gold

Read More: Understanding Different Types Of Gold Carats

Assay Office Mark

This symbol shows the name or logo of the assay office which tested and certified the gold. Every country has its own assay office and the marks they produce vary in appearance.

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Maker's Mark

This is a distinguishing mark in the shape of letters or characters denoting the manufacturer or the artisan who designed and made the jewelry.

Date Letter (optional)

These include the letter ‘H’ that symbolizes the year that the piece was marked and this can be of great benefit when one is trying to determine the age of a particular piece.

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Additional Marks (optional)

These can include country marks, export marks, or any other marks accompanied may wish to put in the market to celebrate any occasion.

Why Hallmarks Matter

18K Gold Beauty Ring 

Hallmarks play a critical role in the jewelry industry for several reasons:

Ensuring Purity

Trademarks reassure the existence of the noble metal in question, making sure that the buyer receives the stated weight for the purchased precious metal. This is especially the case for volatile hydrocarbons where small differences in purity can make a difference between a low and a high value of the shipment.

Building Trust

From the buyer's perspective, hallmarks are used to give consumers confidence that the jewelry they are about to purchase meets the required quality and standard. This trust is important so that consumers are in a position to make favorable decisions for purchase.

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Legal Protection

Hallmarking in many countries is obligatory and its purpose is to indicate the quality and complying with the standards of the received product. It helps to regulate the Marker and protect consumers from fraudulent activities and misrepresentation of some products.

Resale Value

Jewellery that has smooth and easily identifiable hallmarks will have higher resale value since their quality and genuineness have been ascertained.

How to Check Hallmarks in Gold Jewellery

Gold Radiance Earrings

Gold Radiance Earrings 

When buying gold jewelry, checking for hallmarks is a straightforward process.

Look for the Mark

This is relevant because there shall be occasions when you have to have a closer look at the jewelry piece, and it will come in handy to use a magnifying glass or jeweler’s loupe. The presence of a hallmark is usually felt by putting on a ring, wearing a necklace, or turning around a pendant only to see the mark on the inner surface of the ring band, the clasp of the necklace, or the base of the pendant.

Understand the Symbols

Make sure you are acquainted with the hallmark symbols used most frequently, especially the purity symbols, such as the number seven, which depicts 18K gold. If you are aware of them it can enable you to learn the purity of gold at first sight.

Verify the Assay Office

Make sure to see the hallmark located on the assay office mark to know the place where the jewellery had been tested and accredited. This can sometimes be checked against the lists maintained by the assay offices that are available via the Internet.

Consult a Jeweller

In the case of doubt or if one wishes to confirm the genuine marks, a jewellery expert can be helpful. They can offer suggestions on how to improve the identified gold percentage, or if required perform some other tests on the specimen deposited.

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Use Technology

Nowadays there is a possibility to download some applications for mobile devices and special databases where people can find information about hallmark symbols to confirm they are legal and have the right meaning.

Try GIVA’s Comprehensive Guide for Hallmark Check 

Gold Moon Stud Earrings 

Hallmarks are critical in the gold jewelry market since they assist in guaranteeing the quality, credibility, and worth of the jewelry. In conclusion, the knowledge about what hallmarks are and how to inspect them will allow making correct choices while purchasing jewellery made of gold, and thus add beautiful and genuine products to your collection. Whether one loves gold purchases or visits a jeweller occasionally, it is always wise to look closely at the hallmarks— because every scratch is a tale in the realm of gold.l.;’

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